Beyond Bits: The Future of Quantum Information Processing.

Abstract

Recently, physicists and computer scientists have
realized that not only do our ideas about computing
rest on only partly accurate principles, but they miss
out on a whole class of computation. Quantum physics
offers powerful methods of encoding and manipulating
information that are not possible within a classical
framework. The potential applications of these quantum
information processing methods include provably
secure key distribution for cryptography, rapid integer
factoring, and quantum simulation.